This is an archived website as the project has now ended.

Cassava (Manihot esculenta) – A woody shrub native to South America, is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible, starchy root. The cassava root is long and tapered, with a firm, homogeneous flesh encased in a detachable rind about 1mm thick, rough and brown on the outside. The flesh can be chalk-white or yellowish. The roots are rich in starch and contain significant amounts of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin C [Wikipedia].

C:AVA – Cassava:Adding Value in Africa. This is an NRI led project www.cava.nri.org that aims to develop value chains for High Quality Cassava Flour in Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Malawi to improve the livelihoods and incomes of small-holder households, including women and disadvantaged groups. It is promoting the use of HQCF as a versatile raw material for which diverse markets exist.

High Quality Cassava Flour (HQCF) – Flour made from the root of cassava, within a day of harvesting avoiding any fermentation. It is very fine grained and white in colour. The NRI project C:AVA (see C:AVA in Glossary) promotes the use of HQCF to develop value chains.

Post-Harvest Losses – There is potential for loss throughout the root crop harvesting and marketing chains.  Post-harvest losses occur between harvest and the moment of human consumption. They include on-farm losses, such as when the roots are peeled and dried as well as losses along the chain during transportation, storage and processing. [Wikipedia]

Small-Medium-Enterprise (SME) – companies and businesses whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits. In most economies, smaller enterprises are much greater in number than large companies and SMEs are often said to be responsible for driving innovation and competition in many economic sectors [Wikipedia].

Value Chain – The value chain is a concept from business management and was first described by Michael Porter in 1985. A value chain is a chain of activities for a specific product in all stages of its development, to the markets. It has been employed in the development sector as a means of identifying poverty reduction strategies by upgrading along the value chain [Wikipedia].

Yam (Dioscorea) – Perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Yams are a primary agricultural and culturally important commodity in West Africa, where over 95% of the world’s yam crop is harvested. Yam tubers can grow up to 1.5 meters in length and weigh up to 70Kg [Wikipedia].